SBI Clerks Reasoning Practice Questions and Answers with Explanation

Directions (Q.1-5): Study the following information and answer the questions which follow:
i) K, L, M, N, O, P and Q are sitting along a circular table facing the centre.
ii) L sits between N and O.
iii) K is third to the left of O
iv) Q is second to the left of M, who is to the immediate left of P.

1. Which of the following pairs has the first person sitting to the immediate left of the second person?
1) LO 2) MK 3) QN 4) LN 5) None of these

2. Which is the correct position of L with respect Q?
1) Second to the right 2) First to the left
3) First to the right 4) Third to the right
5) None of these

3. Which of the following has the middle person sitting between the other two?
1) NQL 2) PMK 3) POK 4) MOP 5) None of these

4. Who sits, second to the left of L?
1) P 2) M 3) K 4) Q 5) None of these

5. Who is between M and Q?
1) O 2) N 3) K 4) L 5) None of these

Directions (Q.6-10) : In each question below are three statements followed by two conclusion numbered I and II. You have to take the
three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the three statements
disregarding commonly known facts.
Read the statements and the conclusions which follow it and ...
Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true.
Give answer 2) if only conclusion II is true.
Give answer 3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
Give answer 4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
Give answer 5) if both conclusions I and II are true.

6. Statements: All buildings are roads.
All roads are trucks.
All trucks are mountains.
Conclusions: I. Some buildings are mountains.
II. Some mountains are roads.

7. Statements: Some poles are lights.
All lights are bulbs.
Some bulbs are wires.
Conclusions: I. Some poles are bulbs.
II. Some lights are wires.

8. Statements: All erasers are pencils.
Some pencils are pens.
No pen is a paper.
Conclusions: I. Some erasers are papers
II. No paper is an eraser.

9. Statements: Some spoons are bowls.
Some pans are both spoons and bowls.
Some forks are bowls.
Conclusions: I. Some forks are spoons.
II. Some pans are forks.

10. Statements: All boxes are tables.
All windows are tables.
All tables are fans.
Conclusions: I. All
windows are fans.
II. Some tables are boxes.

Directions (Q.11-13): In these questions symbols $, #, % are
used for different meanings as follow:
$ means 'neither greater nor equal to'
# means 'neither greater nor smaller than'
% means 'neither smaller nor equal to'
In each of the following questions assuming the given, statements to be true, find out which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is /are definitely true.
Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true.
Give answer 2) if only conclusion II is true.
Give answer 3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true.
Give answer 4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true.
Give answer 5) if both conclusions I and II are true.

11. Statements: S $P, P%Q, Q#R
Conclusions: I. R$S II. R%S
12. Statements: M#K, K%P, P$R
Conclusions: I. R$M II. P%M
13. Statements: A$B, B#D, D%C
Conclusions: I. D$A II. B%C

Directions (Q.14 & 15): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions, which follow.
If 'A - B' means 'A is father of B'
If 'A + B' means 'A is daughter of B'
If 'A ÷ B' means 'A is son of B'
If 'A × B' means 'A is wife of B'

14. In the expression 'P ÷ Q - T how is T related to P?
1) Mother 2) Sister 3) Brother
4) Either brother or sister 5) None of these

15. In the expression 'P + Q × R' how is R related to P?
1) Daughter 2) Brother 3) Father 4) Sister 5) None of these

16. In a certain code 'jo ka ra' means 'go for walk', 'ma fo ka' means 'do not walk' and 'sa ta jo' means 'good for you' what is the code for 'go'?
1) Jo 2) ka 3) ra 4) ka ro ra 5) None of these

17. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and so form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
1) 108 2) 126 3) 153 4) 207 5) 102

18. In the number 3276158, if the digits were arranged in ascending order, how many digits will remain far away from the beginning of the number as they are in the number?
1) None 2) One 3) Two 4) Three 5) More than three

19. If 'Red' means 'Blue' 'Blue' means 'Green', 'Green' means 'Orange', 'Orange' means 'pink' and 'Pink' means 'Black', then what is the colour of the clear sky?
1) Orange 2) Green 3) Blue 4) Red 5) None of these

Key : 1-4 2-5 3-2 4-1 5-3 6-5 7-1 8-4 9-4 10-5 11-4 12-4 13-2 14-4 15-3 16-3 17-5 18-3 19-2.

ANSWER WITH EXPLANATION
(1-6); On the basis of the information given in the question
, we have the above arrangements.

1.4; L is sitting immediate left of the N.

2.5; The correct position of L with respect to Q is 'second to the left' and 'fifth to the right'.

3.2; M is sitting between P and K

4.1; P sits second to the left of L.

5.3; K sits between M and Q.

6.5; All buildings are roads.
All roads are trucks.
All trucks are mountains.
Conversion
'All buildings are mountains' - Conversion
'Some mountains are buildings' ⎯→ Some buildings are mountains'
This is conclusion I.
All roads are trucks (A - type)
All trucks are mountains (A-type)
A + A = A-type conclusion 'All roads are mountains'.
'Some buildings are Mountains' Conversion ⎯→ 'Some mountains are roads.'
This is conlusion II.

7.1; Some poles are lights. ( I-type)
All lights are bulbs. (A-type)
I + A = I - type conclusion.
All lights are bulbs. (A-type)
Some bulbs are wires. (I-type)
A + I = '-' No conclusion.

8.4; 9.4;

10.5; Conversion
'All boxes are tables' (A-type) ⎯→ 'Some tables are boxes'. This is conclusion II.
All windows are tables.(A-type)
All tables are fans. (A-Type)
A + A = A-type conclusion.
'All windows are fans'.
This is conclusion I.
(11-13): $ means < # means = % means >
11.4; Statements: S $ P ⇒ S < P P % Q ⇒ P > Q
Q # R ⇒ Q = R
Conclusions: I: R$S ⇒ R < S (Not true) II. R % S ? R > S (Not true)

12.4; Statements: M # K ⇒ M = K
K % P ⇒ K > P
P $ R ⇒ P < R Conclusions: I. R$M ⇒R < M (Not true) II. P % M ⇒ P > M (Not true)

13.2; Statements: A $ B ⇒ A < B B # D ⇒ B = D D % C ⇒ D > C
Conclusions: I. D $ A ? D < A (Not true) II. B % C ? B > C (True)

14.4; P + Q - T ⇒ T is either brother or sister of P.

15. 3; P ÷ Q × R
R is father of P.

16.3; jo ka ra ⇒ go for walk
ma fo ka ⇒ do not walk
sa ta jo ⇒ good for you

17. 5; 108 ⇒ 1 + 0 + 8 = 9
126 ⇒ 1 + 2 + 6 = 9
153 ⇒ 1 + 5 + 3 = 9
207 ⇒ 2 + 0 + 7 = 9
But, 102 ⇒ 1 + 0 + 2 = 3

18.3; 3 2 7 6 1 5 8
1 2 3 5 6 7 8

19.2; The colour of clear sky is blue. But here blue is called green.

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