SBI Clerks Reasoning Model Questions with Explanations

1. In a certain code BOND is written as 1543 and DEAN is written as 3864. How is BED written in that code?
1) 153 2) 183 3) 138 4) 143 5) None of these

2. How many such pairs of letters are there in the word STRIVE each of which has as many letters between them in the word as in the English alphabet?
1) One 2) Two 3) Three 4) Four 5) None of these

3. P is the brother of Q. M is sister of Q.T is brother of P. How is Q related to T?
1) Brother 2) Sister 3) Brother or Sister
4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

4. How many such digits are there in the number 83165 each of which is as far away from the beginning of the number as when the digits are rearranged in ascending order within the number?
1) None 2) One 3) Two 4) Three 5) More than three

5. BF is related to DH in the sameway as PS is related to .............?
1) SU 2) SV 3) RV 4) RU 5) None of these

6. In a certain code NAMES is written as TFNBO. How is CRANE written in that code?
1) FMBQD 2) DSBOF 3) FOBSD 4) FBODS 5) None of these

7. How many meaningful English words can be made with the letters ERTU using each letter only once in each word?
1) None 2) One 3) Two 4) Three 5) More than three

8. 12 is related to 15 in the same way as 15 is related to .............
1) 24 2) 21 3) 18 4) 16 5) None of these

9. Pointing to a boy, Seema said 'He is the son of my grandfather's only child'. How is boy related to Seema
1) Brother 2) Cousin 3) Sister
4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

10. Mohan is older than Prabir, Suresh is younger than Prabir, Mihir is older than Suresh but younger than Prabir, who among the four is the youngest?
1) Prabir 2) Mihir 3) Mohan 4) Suresh 5) Data inadequate

11. What would come next in the following number sequence?
2 3 2 3 4 2 3 4 5 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 6 7 2 3 4
1) 6 2) 5 3) 8 4) 9 5) None of these

12. In a certain code 'go home' written as 'ta na' and 'nice little home' is written as 'na ja pa'. How is 'go' written in that code?
1) ta 2) na 3) ja 4) na or ta 5) None of these

13. If '−' means 'added to', 'x' means 'subtracted from '; '÷' means 'multiplied by'; and '+' means 'divided by '; then 20 x 12 + 4 −16 ÷ 5 = ?
1) 17 2) 80 3) 63 4) 97 5) None of these

14. 'Picture' is related to 'See' in the same way as 'Book' is related to .............
1) Listen 2) Read 3) Buy 4) Box 5) None of these

15. 'Footwear' is related to 'Cobbler' in the same way as 'furniture' is related to.............
1) Mason 2) Goldsmith 3) Carpenter 4) Potter 5) None of these

Directions ( 16-18): In each question below are three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the
three given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance
from commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the three statements disregarding
commonly known facts.

Give answer 1) if only conclusion I follows
Give answer 2) if only conclusion II follows
Give answer 3) if either I or II follows
Give answer 4) if neither I nor II follows
Give answer 5) if both I and II follow

16. Statements : All shoes are pens Some pens are razors. Some razors are desks.
Conclusions: I. Some desks are shoes
II. Some razors are shoes.

17. Statements: Some benches are windows.
Some windows are walls.
Some walls are trains.
Conclusions: I. Some trains are benches.
II. No train is bench.

18. Statements: All brushes are chocolates.
All chocolates are mirrors.
All mirrors are tables.
Conclusions: I. Some tables are brushes.
II. Some mirrors are chocolates.

Directions (Q. 19-23): Following questions are based on the 5 three digit numbers given below.
513 248 371 634 167

19. Which of the following is the middle digit of the second highest number among these numbers.
1) 1 2) 4 3) 7 4) 3 5) 6

20. Which of the following is the last digit of the middle number when they are arranged in ascending order?
1) 3 2) 8 3) 1 4) 4 5) 7

21. If the position of the first and the third digits in each of these numbers are interchanged, which of the following will be the
highest number among them?
1) 513 2) 248 3) 371 4) 634 5) 167

22. If the position of the first and the second digits in each of these numbers are interchanged, which of the following will be the lowest number among them?
1) 513 2) 248 3) 371 4) 634 5) 167

23. Which of the following represents the total of all the three digits of the lowest number among them?
1) 9 2) 15 3) 11 4) 13 5) 14

Key: 1-2 2-1 3-3 4-3 5-4 6-3 7-2 8-2 9-1 10-4 11-2 12-1 13-4 14-2
15-3 16-4 17-3 18-5 19-1 20-3 21-2 22-1 23-5.

Answer with Explanations
1. 2; B O N D and D E A N
↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓
1 5 4 3 3 8 6 4
Therefore
B E D
↓ ↓ ↓
1 8 3

2.1; S T R I V E

3.3; T and P are brothers of Q.
The sex of Q is not given.
Therefore, Q is either brother or sister of T

4.3; 8 3 1 6 5
1 3 5 6 8

5. 4
6. 3

7.2; Meaningful Word : TRUE

8.2; 12 + (1 + 2) = 15
15 + (1 + 5) = 21

9. 1; Only child of Seema's grandfather means
father or mother of Seema.
Therefore , the boy is brother of Seema.

10.4; Mohan > Prabir > Suresh
Prabir > Mihir > Suresh
Therefore, Mohan > Prabir > Mihir > Suresh

11.2; 22, 234, 2345, 23456, 234567, 234 5

12.1;
go home → ta na
nice little home → na ja pa
Therefore, the code of 'go' is 'ta'.

13.4; − ⇒ + × ⇒ −
÷ ⇒ x + ⇒ ÷
20 × 12 + 4 − 16 ÷ 5 = ?
or, ? = 20 − 12 ÷ 4 + 16 × 5
= 20 − 3 + 80 = 97.

14.2; We see picture . Similarly, we read book.

15.3; Footwear is made by cobbler. Similarly,
furniture is made by carpenter.

16.4; All shoes are pens. ( A − type)
Some pens are razors. ( I-type)
A + I ⇒ No Conclusion

17.3; All the three Premises are Particular Affirmative ( I- type).
No Conclusion follows from particular Premises.
Conclusions I and II from Complementary Pair.
Therefore, either I or II follows.

18.5; All brushes are chocolates. ( A-type)
All chocolates are mirrors. (A-Type)
A + A⇒A − type Conclusions.
"All brushes are mirrors"
All brushes are mirrors.
All mirrors are tables
"All brushes are tables"
Conclusions I is converse of this Conclusion
Conclusion II is converse of the second Premise.

19.1; 634 > 5 1 3 > 371

20.3; 165 < 248 < 37 1 < 513 < 634 21.2; 513 ⇒ 315 248 ⇒ 842 371 ⇒ 173; 634 ⇒ 436 167 ⇒ 761 22.1; 513 ⇒ 153 248 ⇒ 428 371 ⇒ 731; 634 ⇒ 364 167 ⇒ 617 23.5; 1+ 6 + 7 = 14.

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