SBI Clerks Reasoning Important Questions and Answers with Explanation

Directions (Q.1-5): In each of the questions below are given two statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have
to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to at variance from commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and
then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements disregarding commonly known facts.

Give answer 1): if only Conclusion I follows.
Give answer 2): if only Conclusion II follows.
Give answer 3): if either conclusion I or II follows.
Give answer 4): if neither conclusion I nor II follows.
Give answer 5): if both conclusions I and II follow.

1. Statements: Some kites are threads.
No thread is needle.
Conclusions: I. Some kites are needles
II. No needle is thread.

2. Statements: Some books are pens.
All pens are papers.
Conclusions: I.Some papers are books.
II. All pens are papers.

3. Statements: All chairs are buildings.
All tables are buildings.
Conclusions: I. Some chairs are tables.
II. Some tables are chairs.

4. Statements: Some trucks are houses.
Some houses are trains.
Conclusions: I. Some trains are trucks.
II. No train is fruit.

5. Statements: All flowers are trees.
All trees are fruits.
Conclusions: I. Some fruits are flowers.
II. All flowers are fruits.
Directions (Q.6-10): These questions are
based on the following letter/ number/ symbol
arrangement. Study it carefully and answer the
questions that follows:
5 D H E  7 9 $ F I 6 R % L I A J 3 B # 4 @
K P 8 U M 2

6. Four of the following five are alikes in a certain way on the basis of their positions in the above arrangement and so form a group.
Which is the one that does not belong to the group?
1) $9F 2) R6% 3) 8PU 4) #B4 5) 3BJ

7.If all the symbols are removed from the above arrangement which element will be third to the left of thirteenth from the left?
1) L 2) R 3) 6 4) I 5) None of these

8. What will come in place of the question mark (?) in the following series based on the above arrangement? EDH 97 I$F ?
1) 6RI 2) %R6 3) RI6 4) %6R 5) None of these

9. Which element will be fifth to the right of ninth from the right end if all the numbers are removed from the above arrangement?
1) K 2) @ 3) P 4) # 5) None of these

10. How many such numbers are there in the above arrangement each of which is immediately followed by a consonant but not immediately preceded by a vowels?
1) None 2) One 3) Two 4) Three 5) More than three

Directions (Q.11-15): These questions are based on the basis of following information. Study it carefully and answer the questions.
Eight executives J,K,L,M,N,O,P and Q are sitting around a circular table for a meeting. J is second to the right of P who is third to the right of K. M is second to the left of O who sits between P and J. L is not a neighbour of K or N.

11. Who is to the immediate left of L?
1) Q 2) O 3) K 4) N 5) None of these

12. Who is to the immediate left of K?
1) N 2) J 3) Q 4) Cannot be determined 5) None of these

13. Which of the following is the correct position of N?
1) Second to the right of K
2) To the immediate left of K
3) To the immediate right of M
4) To the immediate right of K
5) None of these

14. Who is third to the right of P?
1) L 2) J 3) 9 4) N 5) None of these

15. Which of the following groups of persons have the first person sitting between the other two?
1) PJO 2) OPJ 3) OP 4) MPO 5) None of these

16. 'Captain' is related to 'Team' in the same way as 'Director' is
related to which of the following?
1) Supervisor 2) Employee
3) Organisation 4) Union 5) Customer

17. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
1) Parent 2) Child 3) Uncle 4) Cousin 5) Relation

18. Pointing to a photograph of Hari, Vijay said - 'The father of his sister is the husband of my wife's mother.' How is Vijay
related to Hari?
1) Brother 2) Brother -in-law 3) Uncle
4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

19. If 'spoon' is called 'plate' , 'plate' is called , 'knife', 'knife' is called 'jug', 'jug' is called 'glass', 'glass' is called 'saucer' and 'saucer' is called 'spoon', by what do we cut fruit?
1) spoon 2) jug 3) glass 4) saucer 5) None of these

20. If 'A' is substituted by 26, 'B' by 25 and so on upto 'Z' which is substituted by I, what will be the sum of the numbers substituted
for the word 'WAXY'?
1) 33 2) 35 3) 37 4) 73 5) None of these

21. In a certain code COIMBATORE is written as DPJNCBUPSF. How is INDORE written in that code?
1) JOENQF 2) JMCPQD 3) JOEPSF 4) HMCNQD 5) None of these

22. Geeta is senior to Shilpa but not to Deepa, Gayathi is Junior to Deepa. No one is senior to Fatima. Who is most Junior?
1) Shilpa 2) Geeta 3) Gayatri
4) Data inadequate 5) None of these

23. Sachin is sitting to the immediate left of Meena but not next to Bharathi; Parveen is sitting to the right of Bharathi. If the four
friends are sitting in a circle who is sitting to the immediate right of Meena?
1) Parveen 2) Bharathi 3) Sachin
4) Meena 5) Cannot be determined

24. How many three-letter meaningful English words can be formed from the word NOTE beginning with T and without repeating any
letter within that word?
1) Three 2) One 3) Two 4) zero 5) None of these

25. If '×' means '+', '+' means '÷', '÷' means '-' and '-' ,means '×', what will be the value of the following expression?
5 - 7 × 9 +3 ÷ 2
1) 36 2) 315 3) 48
4) 44 5) None of these

Key : 1-2 2-1 3-4 4-3 5-5 6-5 7-2 8-4 9-1 10-2 11-5 12-3 13-4 14-1
15-2 16-3 17-5 18-2 19-2 20-2 21-3 22-4 23-2 24-1 25-1.

Answer with Explanation
1. 2; Some kites are threads. (I-Type)
No thread is needle. (E-Type)
I + E ⇒ Q - type Conclusion
'Some kites are not needles'
Conclusions II is Converse of the second Premise.

2. 1; Some books are pens (I-Type)
All pens are papers. (A-type)
I + A ⇒ I - type Conclusion 'Some books are papers' Conclusion I is Converse of this derived Conclusion.

3.4; All chairs are buildings.
Some buildings are tables. ( Converse of Second Premise)
A + I = * No Conclusion

4.3; No Conclusion follows from Particulars Premises.
Conclusions I and II form Complementary Pair. Therefore, either
conclusion I or II follows.

5.5; All flowers are trees.
All tress are fruits.
A + A ⇒ A - type Conclusion 'All flowers are fruits.' This is Conclusion II. Conclusion I is Converse of this Conclusion.

6. 5;

7.2; New sequence
5 D H E 7 9 F I 6 R L I A
J 3 B 4 K P 8 U M 2
3rd to the left of 13th from the left means (13-3 = ) 10th from the left. 10th from left is R.

8.4;

9.1; New sequence
D H E  $ F I R % L A J B #
@ K P U M
5th to the right of 9th from the right means
4th from the right-end, 4th from the right end is K.

10.2; There is only one such combination J 3 B.

11.5; J
12-3 13-4 14-1 15-2

16.3; Captain is the leader of the team,
Similarly, Director is the head of an organisation

17.5; All others are different types of relations.

18.2; The mother of Vijay's wife means mother-in-law of Vijay. Therefore, Vijay is brother - in-law of Hari.

19.2; We cut fruit with knife. But, here knife is called jug.
20. 2;
W A X Y
4 + 26 + 3 + 2 = 35

21. 3; C O I M B A T O R E
+1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1
D P J N C B U P S F
I N D O R E
+1 +1 +1 +1 +1 +1
J O E P S F

22.4; Deepa > Geeta > Shilpa
Deepa > Gayatri
Fatima is senior most
23.2;

24.1; Meaningful words are TON, TOE, TEN.

25.1; '×' means '+', '+' means '÷' '÷' means '-'
'-' ,means '×' 5 - 7 × 9 + 3 ÷ 2 = ? =
5 × 7 + 9 ÷ 3 - 2 = 5 × 7 +3 - 2 = 35 + 3 - 2 = 36.

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